So concluded the National Football League in a December 2005 scientific paper on concussions in America s most popular sport. That judgment, implausible even to a casual fan, also contradicted the opinion of a growing cadre of neuroscientists who worked in vain to convince the NFL that it was facing a deadly new scourge: A chronic brain disease that was driving an alarming number of players -- including some of the all-time greats -- to madness.
"League of Denial" reveals how the NFL, over a period of nearly two decades, sought to cover up and deny mounting evidence of the connection between football and brain damage.
Comprehensively, and for the first time, award-winning ESPN investigative reporters Mark Fainaru-Wada and Steve Fainaru tell the story of a public health crisis that emerged from the playing fields of our 21st century pastime. Everyone knew that football is violent and dangerous. But what the players who built the NFL into a $10 billion industry didn t know and what the league sought to shield from them is that no amount of padding could protect the human brain from the force generated by modern football; that the very essence of the game could be exposing these players to brain damage.
In a fast-paced narrative that moves between the NFL trenches, America s research labs and the boardrooms where the NFL went to war against science, "League of Denial" examines how the league used its power and resources to attack independent scientists and elevate its own flawed research -- a campaign with echoes of Big Tobacco s fight to deny the connection between smoking and lung cancer. It chronicles the tragic fates of players like Hall of Fame Pittsburgh Steelers center Mike Webster, who was so disturbed at the time of his death he fantasized about shooting NFL executives; and former Chargers great Junior Seau, whose diseased brain became the target of an unseemly scientific battle between researchers and the NFL. Based on exclusive interviews, previously undisclosed documents and private emails, this is the story of what the NFL knew and when it knew it questions at the heart of crisis that threatens football, from the highest levels all the way down to Pop Warner."
Clinical Practice with People of Color: A Guide to Becoming Culturally Competent (Multicultural Foundations of Psychology and Counseling Series)
This timely book will help therapists and counselors successfully integrate the American Psychological Association's Multicultural Guidelines into their clinical practice. Well-known practitioners and scholars in multicultural counseling use critical incidents and case vignettes in their chapters to show how the APA Guidelines can be applied to specific historically marginalized populations. They also explore multicultural characteristics that cut across diverse populations, using real-life situations to explore issues of gender, sexual orientation, social class, religion, and disability. This all-inclusive user's guide is a must for educators and practitioners in the mental health field.
Contents & Contributors:
Chapter 1: The APA Multicultural Guidelines on Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change: A Brief Overview
Madonna G. Constantine, Christina M. Capodilupo, & Mai M. Kindaichi
Applying the Multicultural Guidelines to Specific Populations
Chapter 2: Asian American Populations
Bryan S. K. Kim
Chapter 3: African American Populations
Chapter 4: Latina/o American Populations
Cynthia de las Fuentes
Chapter 5: American Indians and Alaskan Native Populations
John J. Peregoy & Alberta M. Gloria
Chapter 6: Arab American Populations
Sylvia C. Nassar-McMillan
Chapter 7: Biracial Populations
Angela R. Gillem, Sean Kathleen Lincoln, & Kristen English
Chapter 8: Immigrant and Refugee Populations
Rita Chung & Fred Bemak
Chapter 9: Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People of Color
Chapter 10: Persons of Color with Disabilities
Considerations in Applying the Multicultural Guidelines to People of Color
Chapter 11: Gender Issues
Janis Sanchez-Hucles & Nneka Jones
Chapter 12: Social Class Considerations
Saba Rasheed Ali, Alice Fridman, Thomasin Hall, & Leslie Leathers
Chapter 13: Religious and Spiritual Issues
Mary Fukuyama, Carlos Hernandez, & Shari Robinson
Chapter 14: Social Justice Considerations
Anika K. Warren & Madonna G. Constantine
How tiny variations in our personal DNA can determine how we look, how we behave, how we get sick, and how we get well.
News stories report almost daily on the remarkable progress scientists are making in unraveling the genetic basis of disease and behavior. Meanwhile, new technologies are rapidly reducing the cost of reading someone's personal DNA (all six billion letters of it). Within the next ten years, hospitals may present parents with their newborn's complete DNA code along with her footprints and APGAR score. In Genetic Twists of Fate, distinguished geneticists Stanley Fields and Mark Johnston help us make sense of the genetic revolution that is upon us.
Fields and Johnston tell real life stories that hinge on the inheritance of one tiny change rather than another in an individual's DNA: a mother wrongly accused of poisoning her young son when the true killer was a genetic disorder; the screen siren who could no longer remember her lines because of Alzheimer's disease; and the president who was treated with rat poison to prevent another heart attack. In an engaging and accessible style, Fields and Johnston explain what our personal DNA code is, how a few differences in its long list of DNA letters makes each of us unique, and how that code influences our appearance, our behavior, and our risk for such common diseases as diabetes or cancer.
Integrated Theory & Knowledge Development in Nursing (Chinn, Integrated Theory and Knowledge Development in Nursing)
Practical and unique, Chinn and Kramer's Integrated Theory and Knowledge Development in Nursing, 8th Edition helps you understand how nursing theory and patterns of knowing complement each other to assist any nurse in making choices in research and practice. It examines various concepts of knowledge development, encouraging you to see the relationship between the different types of knowledge, reflect on important concepts, and explore how evidence-based nursing theory can be used to improve patient care.
This entry-level text provides an overview of the human movement sciences, combining basic science principles with applications in exercise science. Features include complete references to other biological science fields such as biochemistry, biomedical engineering and exercise immunology. Chapter objectives and summaries ensure understanding of the information covered, and application boxes illustrate practical applications related to the material. Topics covered include physiology of exercise, sports medicine prevention and rehabilitation of injuries, biomechanics of human motion, the mind and brain in exercise, and more.
Connection Website: connection.LWW.com/go/kamen.
A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship (Studies in Social Medicine)
This volume draws together experts in history, sociology, medical ethics, communication and immigration studies, transplant surgery, anthropology, and health law to understand the dramatic events, the major players, and the core issues at stake. Contributors view the Santillan story as a morality tale: about the conflicting values underpinning American health care; about the politics of transplant medicine; about how a nation debates deservedness, justice, and second chances; and about the global dilemmas of medical tourism and citizenship.
Charles Bosk, University of Pennsylvania
Leo R. Chavez, University of California, Irvine
Richard Cook, University of Chicago
Thomas Diflo, New York University Medical Center
Jason Eberl, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Jed Adam Gross, Yale University
Jacklyn Habib, American Association of Retired Persons
Tyler R. Harrison, Purdue University
Beatrix Hoffman, Northern Illinois University
Nancy M. P. King, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Barron Lerner, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health
Susan E. Lederer, Yale University
Julie Livingston, Rutgers University
Eric M. Meslin, Indiana University School of Medicine and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Susan E. Morgan, Purdue University
Nancy Scheper-Hughes, University of California, Berkeley
Rosamond Rhodes, Mount Sinai School of Medicine and The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Carolyn Rouse, Princeton University
Karen Salmon, New England School of Law
Lesley Sharp, Barnard and Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health
Lisa Volk Chewning, Rutgers University
Keith Wailoo, Rutgers University
During the twentieth century, lead poisoning killed thousands of workers and children in the United States. Thousands who survived lead poisoning were left physically crippled or were robbed of mental faculties and years of life. In Brush with Death, social historian Christian Warren offers the first comprehensive history of lead poisoning in the United States. Focusing on lead paint and leaded gasoline, Warren distinguishes three primary modes of exposure--occupational, pediatric, and environmental. This threefold perspective permits a nuanced exploration of the regulatory mechanisms, medical technologies, and epidemiological tools that arose in response to lead poisoning.
Today, many children undergo aggressive "deleading" treatments when their blood-lead levels are well below the average blood-lead levels found in urban children in the 1950s. Warren links the repeated redefinition of lead poisoning to changing attitudes toward health, safety, and risk. The same changes that transformed the social construction of lead poisoning also transformed medicine and health care, giving rise to modern environmentalism and fundamentally altered jurisprudence.
Dr. Drew Pinsky is best known as the cohost of the long-running radio advice program Loveline. But his workday is spent at a major Southern California clinic, treating the severest cases of drug dependency and psychiatric breakdown. In this riveting book, Pinsky reveals the intimate and often shocking stories of his patients as they struggle with emotional trauma, sexual abuse, and a host of chemical nemeses: alcohol, marijuana, Ecstasy, heroin, speed, cocaine, and prescription drugs. At the center of these stories is Pinsky himself, who immerses himself passionately, almost obsessively, in his work. From the sexually compulsive model to the BMW-driving soccer mom, Cracked exposes, in fast-moving, powerful vignettes, the true scope and severity of addiction, a nationwide epidemic.
In Interrogating Incest Vikki Bell focuses on the issue of incest and its place in sociological theory, feminist theory and criminal law. By examining incest from a critical Foucauldian framework she considers how feminist discourse on incest itself fits into existing ways of talking about sex. Closely surveying the historical background to incest legislation and the theoretical issues involve, Vikki Bell delineates their practical implications and shows what uncomfortable questions and important dilemmas are raised by the criminalisation of incest.
"With Die Again, Tess Gerritsen proves that she is still at the top of her game. I love this fantastically gripping story and can't wait for more."--Karin Slaughter "Tess Gerritsen always delivers, and this is Gerritsen at her dark, addictive best. What gives Die Again its peculiar charge is the idea, never far from the surface, that we humans are predatory animals like any other. Perhaps we should not be so surprised to find hunters among us."--William Landay "Animal instinct turns savage--and man is an animal. A Rizzoli and Isles thriller is a guaranteed great read, but this time out Gerritsen really brings on the scary!"--Sandra Brown
"Tess Gerritsen once again proves her masterful dominance in stories delving into the criminal mind and forensic sciences. Die Again left me breathless as Rizzoli and Isles investigate a horrific murder, one with ties to an unsolved massacre in years past. Here is a story both harrowing and as intellectually sharp as a dagger's edge. I dare you to try to stop reading this once you've started."--James Rollins "Harrowing! Seamlessly melding the gritty streets of Boston with the golden plains of Africa, Tess Gerritsen sets up a cunning predator who's spent years perfecting his game. Now enter Rizzoli and Isles, two of Boston's best determined to catch one of the world's worst in a battle of wits where only the strong can survive. This is Tess Gerritsen at her finest!"--Lisa Gardner From the Hardcover edition.
As communities struggle to address today's challenges to early intervention -- including limited resources, the need for professional development, and the changing role of families -- they create programs that vary dramatically in quality, approach, and organization. A more consistent, coherent, and effective early intervention system is the goal of this enlightening book, which describes a state-of-the-art, research-based developmental systems model to guide programs for children from birth to 5 years of age. You'll examine
You'll receive expert guidance on improving
Designed to help administrators, policymakers, and graduate-level students effect change for many years to come, this comprehensive guide will help you create early intervention programs that are based on research but still address the needs of individual children and families.
The first section covers the application of the core theoretical and methodological approaches of the economics of food consumption and policy. The second part concentrates on policy issues related to food consumption. Several chapters focus on the theoretical and conceptual issues relevant in food markets, such as product bans, labeling, food standards, political economy, and scientific uncertainty. Additional chapters discuss policy issues of particular interest to the consumer-end of the food supply chain, such as food safety, nutrition, food security, and development. The final section serves as an introduction to particular issues and current topics in food consumption and policy.
Though touted as perhaps the best in the world, the American medical system is filled with hypocrisies. Our health care is staggeringly expensive, yet one in six Americans has no health insurance. We have some of the most skilled physicians in the world, yet one hundred thousand patients die each year from medical errors. In this gripping, eye-opening book, award-winning journalist Shannon Brownlee takes readers inside the hospital to dismantle some of our most venerated myths about American medicine. Using vivid examples of real patients and physicians, "Overtreated" debunks the idea that most of medicine is based in sound science, and shows how our health care system delivers huge amounts of unnecessary care that is not only expensive and wasteful but can actually imperil the health of patients.
The interests of politicians and the medical-industrial complex continually trump those of patients, seducing the wealthy with unnecessary procedures and leaving the poor with haphazard access to treatment. Backward economic incentives allow patients with chronic conditions to receive ineffective care, and roll after roll of red tape undermines even the best-intentioned doctors. Tens of thousands of patients die each year from overtreatment. American medicine is in desperate need of fixing.
Nevertheless, "Overtreated" ultimately conveys a message of hope by reframing the debate over health care reform. Americans worry about rationing that any effort to rein in the high cost of health care will result in limited access to life-saving treatments. Covering the uninsured seems like an insurmountable problem because it will drive up costs even more. "Overtreated "offers a way to control costs and cover the uninsured, while simultaneously improving the quality of American medicine. Shannon Brownlee's humane, intelligent, and penetrating analysis empowers readers to avoid the perils of overtreatment, as well as pointing the way to better health care for everyone."